APA in 6th edition

Tuesday, May 24, 2016

APA in 6th edition

APA i.e. American Psychological Association has been engineered to progress the research initiative writings with a set of academic guidelines and rigor. This style assists in codifying the writing with an aim to comprehend the reading easily. Psychologists were the first to embrace this style and later other research scholars from social and behavioral sciences followed it. Uniformity is the core of this style as it facilitates in picking the information with ease. Be it the key information, quantitative results, graphic, or critical report; getting these things in quick is the most fascinating feature of APA style. This is the reason, it has been most popular and its use is random in academics for citing sources in presenting documents such as assignment, dissertation, case study, coursework, and related academic responsibilities.

For instance, you have used certain book for collecting some information; you need to follow the citation rules as prescribed in APA format. Go through the following table to have a glimpse of it.

E.g. of citation rules for a book in APA 6th edition 

  • Author: Surname first followed by initials
  • Year of publication: In parenthesis
  • Full title of the book: First word of the title in capitals
  • Edition number: In parenthesis after the title or subtitle
  • Place of publication:City and 2-letter state code for publishing in USA; city & country for publishing out of USA.
  • Publisher’s name: In brief including the words book and press

         Now have a snapshot over the basic citation apa 6th edition. It depends on: type of citation, first citation in text, subsequent citations in text, parenthetical format-first citation in text, parenthetical format-subsequent citations in text. When it comes to type of citation, it could be: one work by one author, one work by two authors, one work by three authors, one work by four authors, groups.

Citation rule for journal articles in APA 6th edition
  • Author: Last name followed by initials
  • Year of publication: In bracket
  • Title of article: First word of the title and subtitle in capitals
  • Volume number: In italics
  • Issue number: In brackets but not in italics
  • Month, season: If there is no volume or issue number
  • Inclusion of page numbers:
  • Inclusion of digital object identifiers if exists:

Source: Tutors India, 2014 (Compiled from different sources) 

While mentioning these in reference section of research paper or any assignment; the emphasis is on punctuation standard, margin, line, and heading. Many students question that why there is so much importance to reference style as they have the written the content without any flaw. No doubt, your research work is reflected in terms of writing but if your perception is that formatting is not a big deal to worry about; then your credibility would remain at stake. This is a question mark over your academic irresponsibility and your write-ups might not be entertained unless you have the incorporated the mechanism of APA 6th edition. The main purpose is not to confuse the readers especially to your class teacher or evaluator and you must provide the location of sources, if you have used any information in the content.

While referencing in APA 6th edition, make sure the first line towards left margin while the others in hanging indent format. The difficulty in citing is when you have collected information from a lot of sources like books, journals, magazines, website having more authors or no author or with multiple editions. Though in surface it seems easy but putting commas, hyphen, parenthesis, double spacing, and italics might be a harrowing task. Guidelines are not uniform to all the sources but it overlaps, which in turn confuses. Again when you are using quotes of other authors or paraphrasing or citing secondary sources, there is a little bit change. Reference section too carries certain percentage of marks, when it comes to overall grading of PhD thesis or dissertation. Therefore, in terms of credibility and scoring; the APA format in 6th edition is very challenging.

Similarly, referencing citations in text for use of quotation, APA rules are as:

  • Indirect quotation with parenthetical citation
  • Indirect quotation with author as part of the narrative
  • Direct quotation with parenthetical citation
  • Direct quotation with author as part of the narrative

When you are finding it difficult to incorporate the APA 6th edition in the UK dissertation, we will assist it through our expert APA editors to fix the problem. Similarly, we will take care of the style for your PhD dissertation or thesis in any discipline. Students from countries like UK, USA, UAE, etc could consult us for any issues related to academic writing services.


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